Sustainable construction in S3
The Smart Specialization Strategy (S3) within the innovative “Sustainable Building” area identifies the following macro-themes:
• Sustainable construction in new buildings
The theme includes in particular efficient buildings that use clean energy and optimize resources, cogeneration and tri-generation systems, including advanced energy storage and distribution systems; energy-saving materials and components (for example, smart windows.); the development of passive house models with “Mediterranean” characteristics (passive refrigeration, advanced isolation systems, etc.); wood construction systems, monitoring and control systems and systems for simulating and assessing environmental and economic impacts.
• Redevelopment of existing buildings and recovery of construction waste
The trajectory includes: redevelopment of housing and public housing stock towards better levels of energy efficiency and sustainability; retrofitting, renewable energy, distributed cogeneration, district heating, prefabricated components for casing and interiors for energy saving, restoration of historical, monumental and landscape heritage; reuse and recovery of waste that comes, in large quantities, from demolitions and renovations.
• New techniques and new materials
In the field of materials, we refer to new high-strength and high-performance concretes self-testing mortars, self-compacting concretes, composite or fibre-reinforced materials where the characteristics of eco-compatibility and low energy consumption also take on importance. Also important are the “safety” systems such as seismic energy dissipation systems, seismic isolators, etc.
A specific intervention line is oriented to the use of wood in construction and in particular to the development of processing techniques and use of local resources (Pino Laricio), with structural functions also for anti-seismic purposes and for other components, in connection with interventions on forest – wood supply chain developed in the agricultural sector. Finally, the trajectory includes materials and techniques for indoor comfort, health and indoor safety; self-sanitizing surfaces and antibacterial materials, materials and surfaces for windows and window frames, for brightness management, new materials for moisture reduction, thermal and acoustic insulation.
• Smart Systems
This scope includes: smart grids, smart buildings, building automation, smart cities, climate change adaptation devices; the integration of clean sources of thermal and electrical energy both at the building level and in areas and neighborhoods; interactive systems and sensors; home automation systems for comfort and user behavior orientation with a view to sustainability. The trajectory also includes innovative solutions for integrated and geo-referenced management of architectural and distribution information, on structural safety, on the type and eco-compatibility of the materials used in construction.
On the portal of the Calabria Region, there is a section dedicated to the Smart Specialization Strategy related to the area of innovation of sustainable building.